Updated: May 4, 2020
The present situation of India is one of the biggest tests before the Indian constitution because the current situation of our country is putting various questions on the basic structure of our constitution. Being the democratic country, we can expect such problems unless these problems do not put question mark on the existence of the fundamental principals of the highest legal document. The passing of Citizenship (amendment) act by the union government along with NRC led to the protests in many states. These protests are not anti-national in nature as claimed by the central government. These protests are very much part of our democratic traditions as long as they are conducted peacefully and under the law. The point is we have to understand the point of view of both the parties- the government and the opposition (in this case all the people who opposes this act). According to government, with this act, they seeks to grant Indian Citizenship to persons belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, and Christian communities on ground of religious persecution in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. Recently in his address, Mr. Amit Shah said that their government is concerned about the problem faced by the non-Muslims in our neighboring countries so they wanted to provide them the Indian citizenship.
On the other hand, the people who are opposing this move of government, mostly people of Assam, students in Delhi, people in Tamil Nadu and in various other parts of the country, are giving an argument that this decision of government is against the fundamental structure of Indian constitution. This act is clearly the violation of article 14 and article 15 of the Indian constitution. Apart from that the north Indian states had already seen the regional crisis in 1980s where the same problem of providing citizenship to the foreigners created fear among the local people because of limited resources and opportunities. The other problem is in the form of NRC where every people of this country has to prove that they are the citizen of this country with the required legal documents.
The main problem in this context will be faced by the downtrodden and poor people and illiterate women of this country were they have no legal documents to prove that they are citizens of this country. However the government has promised that not a single countrymen will have to give up their citizenship but god knows what will happen in reality. In theory all these processes of execution of this act with NRC is not so complex as the opposition is claiming but picture changes when it comes to reality. India is a complex country with second largest population and implementation of this act nation wide successfully is way more difficult than the government claims. It will require huge funds, manpower, and a right way to implement.
In conclusion I can only say that the way the government is handling the opposition in not acceptable. The students in Delhi are bitten up. Internet were shut down and India recorded the highest number of internet shut down days which does not reflect a good gesture of the world biggest democratic country. The international organisations are talking about this crisis. Another question which is being asked by the opposition is that why the government is providing citizenship on the basis of religion only. The person belonging to Muslim community can also face difficulty on the basis of economic condition or caste or gender-based discrimination in the neighboring country. This biasness of the BJP government reflectsits ideology of Hindutva which in no sense is in favour of the secular structure of our country. The government should be open for the suggestion from the opposition and should take step in the favour of the whole country and not in favour of its party. The country will follow the constitution and not the party manifesto.
- Sweta Kumari