The Chhattisgarh High Court and the State Legal Services Authority organized the country’s first-ever E-Lok Adalat on July 11, amid the restricted judicial functioning owing to the Covid-19 outbreak.
The E-Lok Adalat is cited as the first such attempt in the country.
The session was inaugurated by the Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh High Court, Justice P R Ramachandra Menon.
"A complete of two, 270 cases were disposed of by Lok Adalats conducted in Chhattisgarh on Saturday through video conferencing amid the coronavirus eruption and an accumulative settlement quantity of over Rs forty-three large integer was awarded. The day-long e-Lok Adalat within the state that 195 benches, as well as 2 of Chhattisgarh court in Bilaspur, were deep-rooted in twenty-three districts, and 5,067 cases were preoccupied for hearing, a regime unleashes aforesaid", a report a said in Lawsisto.
What is Lok Adalat?
Lok Adalat (People's Court) is one of the Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms in India, it is a forum where cases pending on panchayat or at the pre-litigation stage in a court of law are settled or compromised. They have been given statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987. Under this Act, the award (decision) made by the Lok Adalats is deemed to be a case of a civil court and is final and binding on all parties and no appeal against such an award lies before any court of law. If the parties are not satisfied with the award of the Lok Adalat (though there is no provision for an appeal against such an award), they are free to initiate litigation by approaching the court of appropriate jurisdiction.
Generally speaking, Lok Adalat is not a court in its accepted connotation. The difference between Lok Adalat and law court is that the law court sets at its premises where the litigants come with their lawyers and witnesses go to the people to delivers justice at their doorstep. It is a forum provided by the people themselves or by interested parties including social activities or social activist legal aiders, and public-spirited people belonging to every walk of life. It is just a firm forum provided by the people themselves for enabling the common people to ventilate their grievances against the state agencies or against other citizens and to seek a just settlement if possible.
The basic philosophy behind the Lok Adalat is to resolve the people dispute by discussion, counseling, persuasion, and conciliation so that it gives speedy and cheap justice, mutual and free consent of the parties. In short, it is a party justice in which people and judges participate and resolve their disputes by discussion, persuasion, and mutual consent.
The first time lok Adalat was held in Gujrat in 1999. It is a forum where cases pending on panchayat or at the pre-litigation stage in a court of law are settled. They have been given statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.
The Lok Adalat has also been organized even for the cases pending in the Supreme Court.
Lok Adalats are known as Peoples festivals of justice because settlements are not always necessarily according to legal principles settlements have an eye mainly on;
● Social goals like ending quarrels
● Restoring family peace
● Providing succor for destitute.
In his address, judge of Chhattisgarh court PR Ramchandra Menon aforesaid, "Due to the imprisonment, operating of state departments, also because the judiciary, have gotten considerably affected. Advocates and defendants each square measure longing robust phases. Activities of courts were hampered. during this part, we've got determined to cancel summer vacation and have determined to figure on weekends also." In 2019, over 45,000 cases were filed in Chhattisgarh court alone, of that over thirty-nine,000 were disposed of. Similarly, this year, 10,639 cases were filed between January and March, before the eruption, and judgments got in eight,736 cases, he said.
Earlier, whereas inaugurating the nation's 1st e-Lok Adalat, judge Menon termed it a "noble" initiative that may facilitate cut back pendency of cases and convey relief to folks.